A neat and beautiful manicure today is an absolute must-have for every girl at any time of the day, night and year. Color trends change from season to season, but the essence is always the same — the condition of the hands says a lot about a woman. For those women whose nails are far from ideal for various reasons, there is such a process as extension.
The main types of nail extensions
Nail extension can be performed using different technologies. But the two most basic and popular are gel and acrylic nail extensions.
- Acrylic nail extension is made on the basis of a chemical reaction that occurs between acrylic monomer, acrylic powder and oxygen.
- Gel extension is performed using a special photopolymer material, which hardens only after exposure to ultraviolet light using an ultraviolet lamp, so the master has enough time to complete the chosen design.
Gel extension lamps vary in power, manufacturers and price range. Careful choice of lamp is very important and often depends on the brand of gel used.
Types of gel nail extension
Gel build-up can be carried out on forms or on tips. Forms called special templates on which they form an artificial nail. They can be of various shapes and lengths and are removed after the material has hardened under ultraviolet light.
Tips — this is a plastic base for building, glued to the tip of your own nail. For gel nail extensions in the French design so beloved by many, there are special tips and shapes and a special gel for shaping the tips.
How to do gel extensions yourself?
Even if you are doing gel extensions not at home, but in the salon, it always makes sense to know about the stages of the procedure, especially if you are dealing with a master for the first time.
First of all, you need to purchase a gel extension kit, which includes modeling gel (transparent, pink and white), tips and forms, a nylon gel application brush, gel bond, glue, tack remover and degreaser, fixative coating and UV lamp. Extension steps:
- Hand disinfection.
- Processing cuticles and hangnails (hygienic manicure).
- Processing the nail plate with a file — removing the gloss from the nail. The layer to be removed should be very thin, this is done for better adhesion of the gel to the surface of the nail.
- Degreasing the plate with a special liquid.
- Processing the shape or tips to the desired design, gluing them to the nails and removing the tips transition to the nail with a file. It is possible to file tips after gluing to the nail, but for home use, the first option is more convenient.
- Applying the gel in 1-3 layers with the obligatory drying of each layer for the time specified in the instructions. The first layer of gel should be thin, it serves as a primer for subsequent layers.
- Removing the top sticky layer with a special liquid.
- Nail polish on request.
Who invented the technology?
This procedure is somewhat similar to the setting of fillings at the dentist. And in vain, because nail extension itself was invented by a dentist who modeled artificial nails for his wife more than 50 years ago. Although the first dental acrylic nails were thick but brittle, the technology has evolved further. After 10 years, the substance methyl methacrylate contained in plastic was even recognized as unacceptable, hazardous to health and prohibited for use.