Onychocryptosis or ingrown toenail is a common occurrence. In most cases, the outer nail folds of the big toes are affected. The disease is accompanied by redness, swelling and severe pain caused by the inflammatory process. If the problem is not solved in a timely manner, it can become chronic.
Why does a nail ingrown?
There are many reasons why part of the nail plate grows into the soft body. The main ones are considered to be:
- Injuries and heavy loads that contribute to the infection of wounds.
- Fungal infections of the nail plates and the skin surrounding them.
- If the nail has grown into the finger, this may be a consequence of a number of diseases. Diseases such as arthritis, excessive sweating lead to ingrowth.
- The inflammatory process leads to non-compliance with the rules of personal hygiene. This makes the epidermis more vulnerable and loose. And if there is a wound, it increases the chance of infection getting into it.
- The factor disposing to ingrowth is a hereditary specific form of the nail plate.
- Sometimes an ingrown nail appears directly due to the activity of pathogenic microorganisms.
Why do toenails grow in?
Onychocryptosis of the leg affects much more often. In most cases, podologists have to treat an ingrown toenail on the big toe. This happens for the following reasons:
- The most common problem is an incorrectly done pedicure. Toenails should never be cut too short and rounded at the sides. It might even look much more attractive. But the ingrown nail because of this appears. To make the pedicure beautiful and safe, the nail plates should protrude slightly above the soft body on the fingers, and on the sides they should be slightly filed off with a special nail file.
- Narrow or uncomfortable shoes lead to squeezing of the foot and nails. Under constant pressure, the nail plate pierces the skin, and a wound appears. If the shoes are not changed to spacious and comfortable, the injury will be difficult to heal.
- Some ingrown painful toenails have to be treated because of flat feet.
- More often than others, onychocryptosis affects people who, on duty, have to spend a lot of time on their feet. Constant tension leads to impaired blood circulation in the lower extremities and the appearance of edema.
- Among other things, ingrown nails occur with a sharp increase in weight. As a rule, after losing weight, the problem disappears for a long time.
Why do fingernails grow in?
The causes of onychocryptosis on the arms and legs are only partially similar. The fact is that the structure of the feet and hands, and at the same time the nail bed, is different. Therefore, if you find an ingrown nail on your hand, you need to sin on:
- insufficient amount of nutrients that get to the nail plates;
- trauma (ingrowth can become a complication);
- wrong manicure.
A forced change in the shape of the nail plate in most cases adversely affects its further development. Sometimes ingrowth occurs not only in the rollers, but also in the bed. Since the nails of the same thickness are on all fingers, onychocryptosis can affect all fingers with the same probability. The disease is accompanied by redness. Patients complain of soreness. Often, pus accumulates at the site of the lesion. All this gives a lot of discomfort when the finger has to perform some action.
Ingrown toenail — what to do?
Onychocryptosis delivers a lot of discomfort and discomfort. In addition, an ingrown nail does not look the most attractive and aesthetic way. Therefore, all patients try to solve this problem as soon as possible. Treatment of an ingrown toenail should be started as early as possible. This will help to avoid unpleasant consequences and complications — such as severe inflammation or suppuration, for example.
Any correction of an ingrown nail begins with the provision of comfortable conditions. It is necessary to abandon tight shoes, reduce the pressure on the nail plate as much as possible, stop cutting it “under the spine”. Softeners will help to facilitate nail care, with which the plate will soon come out from under the periungual roller:
- Uroderm to slow down the formation of the stratum corneum and reduce pressure on tissues;
Ingrown toenail treatment at home
At the initial stages of onychocryptosis, the use of conservative and alternative methods of treatment is considered the most appropriate. Salt baths often help to cure an ingrown toenail. For their preparation, ordinary rock salt is used. After the affected area is steamed a little, the pain subsides. Baths also help soften the epidermis.
How to cure an ingrown toenail with onions?
- onion — 1 pc.;
- head of garlic — 1 pc.;
- Chop the onion and garlic.
- Mix the ingredients and add fat to them.
- The finished mass is applied to the sore spot for 15 — 20 minutes, and then washed off.
The sawing method has proven itself well. This treatment is simple but effective. First, the limbs need to be steamed. The nail softened after the procedure is sawn in the middle. The essence of therapy is that the nail plate will try to grow together. As a result, the edges of the nail will begin to be released from under the skin and stop growing into it.
Ingrown toenail treatment with plates and staples
A popular treatment for onychocryptosis is orthonyxia. It consists in the fact that the bracket is placed on the ingrown nail. This is a non-surgical treatment that will allow you to get rid of the problem completely painlessly. But the most important thing is that during the therapy you will not have to change your lifestyle. With braces, you can wear any shoes, play sports and even go to the pool.
Lamellar springs are attached to the nail with special glue. They are strongly stretched, due to which stress is removed from the edges of the nail plates, deformation is eliminated, and a normal arch is formed. The wear time of the plate depends on:
- the severity of the disease;
- nail growth rate;
- state of immunity;
- the presence of concomitant diseases;
- compliance with the recommendations of a specialist.
Ingrown toenail removal methods
Radical methods of treatment are used when conservative therapy has not yielded results or in advanced cases. An ingrown toenail can be removed in a variety of ways. But they are all painless. The procedures are performed under local anesthesia, so the likelihood of pain is reduced to zero. And so that the patient feels comfortable after the operation, painkillers are prescribed if necessary.
Surgery to remove an ingrown toenail
This method is the most «ancient», but experts still turn to it. Surgical removal of an ingrown toenail can be either complete or partial. Partial resection is performed if suppuration has not yet begun, but the nail fold is already thickened. Complete removal of an ingrown toenail or handnail has to be done when pus has already begun to accumulate in the soft tissues.
The method has certain advantages — it allows you to prevent the onset of bone tissue decay. But surgical removal also has disadvantages. The main disadvantage is that the bandage will have to be worn until a new nail grows. And this can take up to several months. In addition, during the operation there is a risk of damage to the growth zone of the plate, which can lead to a recurrence of onychocryptosis.
Ingrown toenail laser removal
The popular modern method of treatment captivates with its low trauma. The laser beam destroys that part of the plate where it deforms and grows. Healthy tissue remains intact. Removal of an ingrown nail with a laser has a great advantage — after such an operation no stitches are needed, and therefore the rehabilitation is minimal.
The beam acts carefully and does not destroy the structure of the nail, but only makes its growth part smaller. In fact, the operation to remove an ingrown toenail with a laser is an effective and safe correction that takes no more than half an hour. The very next day after the procedure, the patient feels relief — the pain disappears, swelling and inflammation subside.
Radio wave removal of an ingrown nail
This is another popular method. Removal of an ingrown nail by the radio wave method involves exposure to injured areas with high frequency waves. They raise the temperature in the cells. This leads to the evaporation of moisture. As a result, cells are destroyed and tissues are separated. After the removal procedure, you need to make several dressings. An important condition is that the bandages cannot be wetted.
What to do after removing an ingrown toenail?
The duration of rehabilitation and preventive measures vary depending on the treatment method used. So that after the removal of the ingrown nail there is no recurrence, you should:
- Proper manicure and pedicure.
- Wear comfortable shoes.
- Observe hygiene.
- Timely treat fungal and infectious diseases.