I'm embarrassed to ask: questions that we are afraid to ask on a manicure (photo 1)

ELENA LIHOVA

Trainer of the training center of the network of salons «Fingers»


A CAVITY FORMED UNDER THE NAIL PLATE. WHAT IS IT AND HOW DANGEROUS?

I'm embarrassed to ask: questions that we are afraid to ask on a manicure (photo 2)

Most likely, this is onycholysis — a dystrophic lesion of the nail plate, which manifests itself in its separation from the nail bed with partial or complete preservation of the usual form. Only a doctor can make a diagnosis. As for the danger — yes, onycholysis is considered potentially dangerous, because in the space between the nail bed and the plate an unprotected environment is created in which fungal and bacterial infections can develop.

Dermatologists distinguish three groups of causes of the development of the disease: trauma, fungal infections, allergies. The minimum amount of examinations that should be carried out in a medical institution: consultation with a dermatologist, dermatoscopy, microscopic examination of the nail plate.


NAILS WIELLED — WHY DID IT HAPPEN?

It is possible that gel polish was the cause if low-quality materials were used, for example, a strongly acidic base. In addition, the disease scleronychia, a special form of nail hypertrophy, can manifest itself in this way. It is characterized by the hardness of the nail plate, complete loss of elasticity and transparency of the nail and leads to separation of the nail plate from the bed by the type of onycholysis. The nail acquires a yellow-brown hue, the lunula disappears — a light strip similar to a crescent moon at the base of the nail. The cause of the disease is endocrine disorders. As in the case of onycholysis, the diagnosis is made by the doctor after the examination.


I HAVE A PLANT WART ON MY FOOT — WITH THIS IS IT POSSIBLE FOR A PEDICURE?

I'm embarrassed to ask: questions that we are afraid to ask on a manicure (photo 3)

First, let’s clarify what plantar warts are. These are warts caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) and appear on the feet or toes. The problem is common, therefore, first of all, if there is a suspicion of such a wart, it is necessary to show it to the doctor — he will tell you how to avoid spreading, infecting family members and other people.

For plantar warts, choose a medical pedicure from a podiatrist. This specialist has the necessary knowledge, skills and means, and most importantly, access to work with similar problems. A classic pedicure in the salon can provoke the spread of warts to other parts of the body. It is impossible to treat and even more so remove a plantar wart on your own.


IF THERE IS A FUNGUS ON THE NAILS, WILL THE MASTER REFUSE TO SERVE ME? AND IN GENERAL IN WHAT CASES IS THE MASTER RIGHT TO REFUSE?

According to the law of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, the master does not have the right to refuse the client the service, based only on the suspicion of a fungus (onychomycosis), since the diagnosis is made by a dermatologist after a long study of the biomaterial. In addition, there are a number of diseases with similar external signs (for example, hormonal changes, diabetes can manifest themselves in a similar way). The master does not refuse the procedure, but is obliged to warn about the possibility of an onset of the disease. If the client knows for sure that he has a fungus, you should contact the medical center for the procedure. When providing a medical service, the affected nails will be treated in the safest way.


WITH CRACKS ON THE HEEL SHAMED TO GO TO THE SALON?

I'm embarrassed to ask: questions that we are afraid to ask on a manicure (photo 4)

Absolutely not ashamed. Cracked heels are a common problem and nothing to be ashamed of. On the contrary, you need to seek help from a specialist as soon as possible. You are not ashamed to make an appointment with a dentist to cure caries? Same story here. The master will select an effective way to treat the foot, recommend professional care and prevention at home. He will monitor the changes, and if necessary, will recommend contacting a dermatologist.


SHOULD I TELL THE MASTER THAT WHEN DRYING GEL POLISH IN UV LAMP NAILS BURN AND VERY PAIN?

I'm embarrassed to ask: questions that we are afraid to ask on a manicure (photo 5)

Tell me right away. This happens because during the polymerization (hardening) of the artificial material in the LED lamp, thermal energy is released. Burning and pain sensations do not appear in everyone. If you have them, the reasons may be as follows:

Very thin nail plate

hypersensitivity;

too thick a layer of transparent base and / or top.

In order to make the procedure more comfortable, warn the master in advance, then he will select the appropriate polymerization mode, coating technique and base.


IF YOU CONSTANTLY WEAR GEL POLISH, DO YOU NEED TO TAKE BREAKS?

I’m embarrassed to ask: questions that we are afraid to ask on a manicure (photo 6)

On this occasion, experts have two opposite positions: a break is not needed and a break is necessary. In our salons, we adhere to the first opinion, as we believe that if the master uses high-quality proven materials and performs his work at a high level, then a break is not necessary.

Resting from a resistant coating is rather a preference of the client himself. And even in case of refusal of gel polish, we recommend protecting the nail plate with a regular coating or a special one in order to avoid moisture evaporation and dehydration. It is possible and necessary to leave the nail plate uncoated if there is a suspicion of a disease (change in color and / or texture of the nail) so that the doctor can monitor the progress of treatment.


WHEN THE MASTER USES THE BASE, POLISH AND TOP OF DIFFERENT BRANDS — THIS IS NORMAL? SHOULD I ASK NOT TO DO THIS?

I believe that the most reliable option is to use all the products of one manufacturer, since the guarantee of reliability and safety in this case is higher. The option of using products from different manufacturers is less reliable, since the chemical properties of the products may not be suitable for each other. As a result — a change in color, a decrease in the durability of the coating. Sometimes manufacturers themselves can recommend what products of other brands are compatible with their product. True, this is rare, because basically each brand has a rich assortment.

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