Cutters for manicure — what for what? What cutters are needed for hardware manicure?


Cutters for manicure - types, purpose, rules for selection and care

Hardware nail treatment is considered the safest, fastest and most effective procedure that can be performed even with delamination of the plates and sensitive skin. The quality of a manicure largely depends on the cutters used. They differ in the material of manufacture, size, shape and hardness.

What are nail cutters for?

The nozzle is installed in the handle of the device on the rotary head. It unwinds and works like a saw or grinder. The intensity of exposure depends not only on the speed of rotation, but also on the shape, size, and material of the nozzle. Cutters for hardware manicure perform the following functions:

  • removal of the coating;
  • length correction;
  • formation of plate contours;
  • processing of extended material;
  • cutting the cuticle and film pterygium;
  • accurate cutting of calluses, burrs, coarseness;
  • grinding;
  • final polishing.

What are nail cutters made of?

Attachment kits have a wide range of prices, there are kits available and very expensive ones. The price is mainly affected by the material for the manufacture of cutters. The intensity and quality of processing of the horn plate, the durability of the instrument depend on it. There are such options:

  1. Carbide metal cutters for manicure. The strongest and most reliable nozzles that will last for many years. They are easily disinfected, withstand any temperature and solutions, do not give in to rust and corrosion, are resistant to chips and scratches. The metal has increased rigidity, therefore it is more often used on artificial materials and for “rough”, pre-treatment of plates.
  2. Diamond cutters for manicure. Spraying is carried out from artificial and natural stone chips. The first is cheaper, but grinds quickly. Natural diamond dust is durable and retains its functions for years, but is significantly more expensive. Diamond cutters are universal, so they are purchased by both beginners and professionals.
  3. Corundum cutters for manicure. Another option for nozzles coated with stone chips. Corundum has a hardness close to diamond, which makes such cutters in demand among nail artists working with natural nails. The material is durable and affordable, easy to sterilize and easy to care for.
  4. Ceramic cutters for manicure. Such nozzles produce a softer impact, so they are often the choice of beginners. Ceramic cutters minimally injure nails, they are suitable when working with very fragile and sensitive epidermis, damaged plates. The material is prone to chips and cracks, it is important to handle it with care.

What are nail cutters made of?

At the final stages of manicure, soft cutters are used — grinders and polishers. Such nozzles are difficult to disinfect with high quality, so they are mostly disposable. Soft cutters are very cheap, but most craftsmen refuse to use them, calmly making do with stationary types. Disposable nozzles can be made from the following materials:

  • felt;
  • dense fabric;
  • silicone;
  • plastic;
  • combined raw materials (sand caps).

What cutters are needed for hardware manicure?

Experienced nail artists have an extensive set of tips in most available materials to ensure that any client is satisfied with the processing. It is better for a beginner to first study the existing types of cutters for manicure and assemble a small basic kit. Having mastered the work with universal burs-nozzles, you can expand the collection, while studying different options for using the equipment.

What is the difference between manicure cutters and pedicure cutters?

At the stage of hygienic and aesthetic processing of the plates, there is no particular difference between the instruments. In a pedicure, manicure cutters can also be used freely, but sometimes harder and larger nozzles are required. Differences arise when working with the epidermis. Foot care involves the removal of calluses, corns, dry cracks and roughness. Nozzles for hardware manicure in this situation will not work. The pedicure master needs additional tools — grinders and polishers of large diameter.

Types of cutters by hardness

The degree of intensity of impact and the hardness of the nozzle is determined by a special notch or belt on the “leg”. Colors of cutters for manicure:

  1. Yellow. The most gentle burs are used when working with the epidermis and your own nails.
  2. Red. Similarly, soft drills, slightly more intense than yellow ones. They are used for grinding the skin, sometimes — horny plates.
  3. Blue (cyan). Nozzles of medium hardness, the most popular. Used to clean the skin, cuticles.
  4. Green. Dense cutters. You can remove coarseness, remove the coating.
  5. Black. The hardest tools. Nozzles are recommended only for work with extended nails.

Types of cutters by hardness

Types of cutters by shape

There are generally accepted standards for approaches to selecting nozzles for certain tasks, but when gaining experience, many masters use tools, focusing solely on their own convenience. Cutters for manicure — which for what:

  1. straight cylinder — the formation of the free edge of the extended nail, the removal of hard calluses.

Types of cutters in the form of times

  1. Oliva (kidney, bullet, oval) — minor correction of the plates. It is used in the process of stripping the side rollers, removing the cuticle.

Types of cutters in shape two

  1. rounded cylinder – polishes the natural nail before any extension. Sometimes used in work with rollers.

Types of cutters in shape three

  1. straight cone — polisher and grinder Needed for removing and correcting the gel-varnish coating, removes sagging and detachment.

Types of cutters in the form of four

  1. Flame — raises the cuticle, pterygium. It is used in the treatment of cracks, side rollers, calluses.

Types of cutters in the form of five

  1. Frustum — polishes the skin near the nail, is used to correct the length of natural plates.

Types of cutters in the form of six

  1. Needle — removes films, additionally raises the cuticle, provides rounding of corners. You can clean the sinuses, side rollers, small cracks, adjust the gel coating.

Types of cutters in the form of seven

  1. Ball — gently cuts the cuticle and pterygium film without damaging the skin. These cutters for hardware manicure are indispensable before installing a piercing.

Types of cutters in the form of eight

  1. reverse cone — necessary for leveling the tip of the nail, processing the epidermis between the fingers.

Types of cutters in the form of nine

  1. Corn — removes the gel layer. Suitable for procedures with acrylic and other hard artificial materials.

Types of cutters in the form of ten

How to choose cutters for manicure?

Burs-nozzles of each shape are made of different materials, differ in hardness, notch size, diameter and other criteria. Before choosing cutters for hardware manicure, it is better to decide on the upcoming tasks and assemble a high-quality working kit. You should not buy all possible types of nozzles, some may not be needed at all.

Cutters for removing gel polish

The hardware method of removing the coating is considered the most non-traumatic and effective. The manicure cutter does not exfoliate the nail plates and does not damage the «» living epidermis, does not cause dryness and cracking, as when using removers and files. Each master has his preferred nozzles that remove gel polish. For this purpose, the following cutters for manicure are often used:

  • corn (ceramics, refractory alloy);
  • straight cone (diamond, corundum);
  • needle (diamond, corundum).

Cuticle cutters and side rollers

«Jewelry» work with nails involves the complete removal of excess skin, including pterygium. Before this, the cuticle must be pushed back with a pusher and lifted. This is done by means of nozzles «flame», «needle» or a truncated cone. After lifting, ball-shaped cutters are used to remove the cuticle. They are also convenient to clean and grind the side rollers. Some masters additionally use a cylinder, mostly rounded.

Safe manicure cutter

Any attachment, if used incorrectly, can cause harm or injury. The safest nail cutters are soft, with yellow and red notches, especially ceramic ones. Tools with such parameters are recommended for use by beginners in training and in home nail care. In order for the nail cutter to be safe, you need to follow the technique of work, the position of the nozzle and the angle of its application to the surface. An important point is the regular and high-quality sterilization of equipment.

The best cutters for manicure

The high cost does not always indicate a decent quality of the product; there are companies that produce affordable and durable nozzles. Before you complete a personal set of cutters for manicure, it is better to familiarize yourself with the certification for goods, warranty periods. It will not be superfluous to read the reviews of the masters on the selected positions. The best manufacturers of cutters for manicure:

  • Iris Professional;
  • Naomi 24;
  • Magic Bits;
  • JessNail;
  • HDFreza;
  • TNL Professional;
  • Runail;
  • Barrel Ball;
  • Planet Nails;
  • Muhle Manicure.

How to care for nail cutters?

Both in home nail work and in professional activities, it is important to properly clean and sterilize tools. Caring for cutters for manicure includes:

  1. Disinfection. To remove the remnants of biological material, viruses, bacteria and fungi, it is necessary to soak the nozzles in a special solution with detergent components and alkali. Suitable Aktibor, Mistral, Multidez.
  2. Pre-sterilization cleaning (PSC). Soaked skin and nail residues are removed with a nylon bristle brush. After that, the cutters are washed under running water and dried (on a napkin at room temperature or near a source of warm air).
  3. Sterilization. Either autoclave or dry heat is used. The first device is expensive equipment, so it is advisable to buy it when earning a manicure. Dry heat is affordable, can be purchased for home use.

When should you change your nail cutters?

Recommendations for care and maintenance are often attached to the instructions for the device or set of nozzles. The shelf life depends on the material of manufacture, product quality, intensity and frequency of use, the speed at which the nail router operates. Some burs will last a few weeks, others up to 5 years. Manicure nozzles for the milling cutter are standardly changed according to the following rules:

  • abrasive (sand) caps — disposal after use;
  • soft materials (felt, fabrics) — according to the degree of wear;
  • silicone cutters — 2-3 years;
  • ceramics — 3-4 months;
  • corundum — 6-8 months;
  • diamond — 2-4 years;
  • metal — about 5 years, sometimes more.


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